Diabetes is a chronic disease in which the body is unable to properly use the insulin it produces, or it is unable to produce enough insulin to meet the body’s needs.
What is Insulin?
Insulin is an essential hormone produced by the pancreas that helps the body use sugar from the carbohydrate foods we eat. This sugar (glucose) is used as a source of immediate energy, or can be stored for future use.
When we eat, carbohydrate foods are broken down into glucose, a simple sugar. The broken down glucose then enters your bloodstream and contributes to the value we know as “blood glucose” or “blood sugar”. Insulin is essential to allow the glucose to enter into the body’s cells from the blood stream so it can be used for energy. Without insulin, glucose is unable to enter cells from the blood stream and begins to accumulate, creating high blood glucose levels.
Over time, high blood glucose (hyperglycemia) can cause many health complications. Because insulin is activated by blood glucose, carbohydrates stimulate insulin release far more than protein and fat. Therefore, consistent and controlled carbohydrate intake is essential for individuals with diabetes to prevent complications.
Types of Diabetes
There are three major types of diabetes:
Type 1 Diabetes
The body fails to produce the insulin needed for cells to absorb glucose.
Type 2 Diabetes
The body fails to properly use the insulin it produces. Over time, the body might discontinue insulin production altogether.
This type of diabetes develops during pregnancy (gestation). In gestational diabetes, blood glucose usually returns to normal soon after the delivery. Individuals who have had gestational diabetes are at risk for developing type 2 diabetes.
Diabetes Shopping List
Frozen, no sugar added
Canned, in 100% fruit juice
Dried, no sugar added
Frozen, no sodium added
Canned, no sodium added
Ancient Grains (amaranth, barley, millet, sorghum, & quinoa)
Rice, brown or wild
Tortillas, corn or whole wheat
Whole grain bread
Whole grain pasta
Whole grain cereal, low-sugar
Beans and peas, dried or canned
Meat, lean cuts
Nuts and seeds
Greek yogurt, low-sugar and low-fat or fat-free
Milk, low-fat or fat-free
Yogurt, low-sugar and low-fat or fat-free
Reasor’s has a wide variety of food and beverage options for individuals with diabetes and even those simply interested in an overall healthy and balanced diet. We also have Registered Dietitians on staff who are able to provide nutrition therapy to those with diabetes, or help with the prevention of diabetes. Reasor’s Registered Dietitian services include one-on-one consultations, customized meal planning, shopping healthy tours, and more.
Information included does not constitute medical advice and should only be used as a general recommendation for a healthy, balanced diet and lifestyle. Reasor’s Registered Dietitians’ opinions and recommendations are their own; they are not paid to endorse any products or services.